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What is Right to Participation?

06.10.2020
On one hand, the right to participation implies the right to vote and be elected as an integral part of democratic systems. In this respect, it stands for free, fair, and transparent elections organized periodically at certain time intervals.

But, on the other hand, the right to participation is beyond the right to vote and be elected, and implies active participation of individuals in processes related to themselves also during non-electoral periods. In general, the right to participation means the active and effective participation of individuals in decision-making processes.  And rather than being a one-time exchange of ideas, active and effective participation in decision-making processes should start before a specific decision-making process, and should be followed up by both the decision-making process itself and monitoring and evaluation processes after the decision-making. Therefore, it is required to set up an open, fair, and democratic mechanism related to the participation process, and also to secure this mechanism legally as a requisite of active and effective participation in decision-making processes. Accordingly, the right to participation is closely related to the freedom of association and expression, and the right of peaceful assembly. 

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